The Inspectorate for Emergency Situations "VLAȘCA" of the Giurgiu County
The Inspectorate for Emergency Situations "VLAȘCA" of the Giurgiu County, was founded in 15.12.2004 by the unifying the two groups: Fire Group "Vlaşca" Giurgiu and the Civil Protection Inspectorate Giurgiu, operating under O.G. no. 88/2001 on the establishment, organization and functioning of public services for emergency and H.G.R. no. 1492/2004 concerning the organization, functioning and powers of the professional emergency services.
Inspectorate is established as a decentralized public service with legal personality under the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, the purpose of emergency management on risk types of competence and is intended to execute missions of prevention, monitoring and managing emergency situations.
The Inspectorate was established as a deconcentrated public service as legal entity, falling under the rule of The General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, with the purpose of managing emergency risk situations that are divided into categories of competence and is intended to execute missions of prevention, monitoring and management of emergency situations.
The Inspectorate fulfils the following main tasks:
- plans and carries out inspections, controls, checkups, and other preventive actions regarding the application of legal provisions and establishes the necessary measures to increase the security of citizens and goods;
- makes studies, forecasts and statistical analysis about the character and frequency of occurrence of emergencies and proposes measures based on the conclusions resulting therefrom;
- conducts public informing actions of citizens so that they have knowledge of the types of risks specific to the area of competence, preventive measures and what to do during emergencies;
- participates in the development of regulations that are specific to the area of competence and sanction provisions on prevention and intervention in emergencies, issued by local authorities and delegated / decentralized;
- they issue permits and authorizations, under the law;
- monitor and assess the types of risk;
- participates in the development and execution of the programs for training authorities, for voluntary and private emergency services, but also the training of the population;
- they train their own staff;
- executes with its own means or by cooperating, operations and warning actions, alerting, recognition, research, evacuation, sheltering, search and rescue, extrication, unlocking, first aid or emergency medical assistance, fire fighting, decontamination, N.B.C. (Nuclear, biological and chemical) protection and decontamination, transport and water filtration, lighting, rehabilitation of unexploded ammunition, protection of property and cultural heritage values, support for the survival of the affected population and other measures to protect citizens in the event of emergencies;
- it controls and directs secondary structures, public and private emergency services;
- participates in the detection of human and material resources available for emergency response and keep track of them;
- establishes the concept of intervention and draws up / coordinates the layout of the operational documents for response
- approves the private and voluntary emergency services plans of;
- plans and deploys drills, applications and other training activities, to verify the viability of operational documents;
- organizes the data bank concerning intervention, periodically reviews the operational situation and exploits the results;
- participates with operative groups / calls for the support of established task forces and approved for/ interventions in the area / outside the area of competence;
- participates in the preparation and intervention outside the national territory, under treaties to which the Romanian State is a party off;
- participates in the research of the causes of fire, the conditions and circumstances that caused or favoured accidents and disasters;
- establishes, together with the authorized entities, the probable causes of the fire;
- monitors the compliance of the performance conditions established under the law, in organizing and equipping voluntary and private services, and their activity;
- observes and sanctions, with the aid of the designated staff, the violation of provisions from the area of competence
- deploys activities concerning the settlement of petitions in the particular field;
- organizes professional competitions for voluntary and private facilities, also, educational activities with technical-applied classes in schools;
- informs the competent authorities and report the undergone actions, that are under specific regulations;
Within the bounds of the Inspectorate there exist and operate as specific structures:
a) the county operational centre, which has the permanent function of monitoring, evaluating, noticing, warning, early-warning, alerting and coordinating technical operational interventions for emergency.
b) preventative inspection, which fulfils, at the level of the county, the regulatory functions, approval / authorization, public informing, guidance and control concerning emergency preparedness, as the training of the population on how to behave in emergency situations;
c) logistical support structure;
d) other functional structures (financial, accounting, public relations, organizing and coordinating resources in emergency situations, communications and IT, etc.);
e) intervention structures are found in the municipality of Giurgiu and Găujani, Ghimpaţi Mihai Bravu and Roata de Jos townships, which consists of a variation of teams and crews specialized on different types of interventions;
When placing the subunits in the area it was taken into account the response time necessary to reach the targets and villages where the permanent subunits are dislocated in. These units operate are the level of public/private services for emergency situation. The subunits cooperate with the latter services. When placing the subunits in the territory it was also taken into account the number and operational capacity of the public / and private services for emergency situations, the degree of maintenance and exploitation of the intervention techniques that are in the subsidy of the public/private services for emergency situations, and the type of activity of the latter. It also taken into account the response and alerting time in the sectors of competence of the respective services.
Presently, taking into account changes in the economic field, modernization and infrastructural progress at county level, a reorganizing of intervention at the level of competence has been targeted, in order to ensure timely and efficient interventions aimed at rescuing lives, public goods, protection of property and the environment
FIRE SAFETY AND CIVIL PROTECTION DIRECTORATE- GENERAL MINISTRY OF THE INTERIOR OF THE REPUBLIC OF BULGARIA
I. Organizational structure
According to the Law for the Ministry of the Interior (MoI) Fire Safety and Civil Protection Directorate-General is part of the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Bulgaria (DG FSCP -MoI).
According to the art. 59 of the Law on the MoI the tasks of the integrated FSCP are: „(1) The Fire Safety and Civil Protection Directorate-General is a national specialized structure of the MoI for ensuring fire safety, rescue and protection in case of disasters under the terms and provisions of this Law and the Disaster Protection Law".
The DG FSCP is structured into a central level administration and at regional level there are 28 territorial structures established and functioning in each geographic region (district) of the country.
II. Main activities
The main activities of the DG "Fire Safety and Civil Protection" are:
- Prevention and control; fire extinguishing and state fire control, rescue activities;
- Authorization and control activities of traders operating in fire safety in premises and / or operation of facilities and equipment related to fire safety;
- Authorization and control activity of products for fire extinguishing in regards to their effectiveness;
- Emergency rescue and recovery activities, operational protection in case of floods and search and rescue operations;
- CBRN protection in case of incidents and accidents with dangerous substances and materials and mitigation of ecological incidents;
- Early warning and alert in case of disasters and aerial danger of the executive authorities and the population;
- Protection of the population in case of "wartime" or "emergency situation" in compliance with the Geneva Conventions;
- Assistance in the activities of the Interagency Commission for recovery and relief to the Council of Ministers;
- Methodical and expert support for disaster protection to the territorial executive authorities;
- Operational cooperation with the EU and NATO structures and other international organizations in the field of fire safety and protection of the population, humanitarian aid and civil-military emergency planning.
1. Fire fighting activity includes:
- immediate dispatching of personnel and equipment in case of received fire information;
- situation analysis and assessment;
- fire extinguishing
- determination of methods, ways and means of firefighting;
- development of fire extinguishing plans.
2. Rescue activities cover:
- Immediate deployment of forces and equipment in case of fires, disasters and emergency situations;
- Analysis and assessment of the situation;
- Rescue of people and property;
- First aid provision to the victims;
- Organizing the transportation of injured to the hospitals.
3. In terms of prevention-related activities:
- Information, awareness raising and training of the population on the fire prevention, the correct behavior in case of fires, disasters and emergency situations and on the implementation of the necessary protective measures;
- Participation in the development of the plans relating to the disaster protection;
- Assisting the Minister of Interior in carrying out the categorization of the territory of the country depending on the risks of disasters;
- Maintenance of collective and individual means of protection committed to the DG FSCP;
- Analysis of the information received in the National Operational Communication and Information Center to support the process of the risk management in case of disaster;
- Offering guidelines for the development of the training and the educational programs on the protection in case of fire, disasters and emergency situations
- Participation in the development of the plans related to the disaster protection.
Main part of prevention is the adequate emergency planning.
DG FSCP elaborates National disaster protection plan, which includes plans in case of:
- Winter storms and ice sliding;
- Oil products spill;
- Industrial incidents;
- Radiological incidents;
- Biological contamination;
- Terrorist acts.
III. International cooperation
DG FSCP maintains an active cooperation with international, regional and bilateral organizations.
- European union – PROCIV working group to the Council of the EU, Monitoring and information center of DG ECHO, DG HOME, Civil Protection Committee to the EC
- NATO – Civil emergency planning committee, Civil Protection Group, and Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
- UN – UNDP, UN OCHA, UN ISDR, UN ECE and etc.
- Council of Europe – European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement (EUR-OPA)
- Organization for prohibition of chemical weapons.
- Corpus of peace of US and etc.
Furthermore, the Situation center of DG FSCP – MoI is a point of contact with:
- Monitoring and Information Center (MIC)
- DG Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (DG ECHO)
- Situation center of the Council of the EU (SITCEN)
- DG Internal affairs (DG HOME)
(for protection of the critical infrastructure)
- Euro-Atlantic Disaster Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC)
- Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UN OCHA)
- UN Economic Commission for Europe (UN ECE)
- Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Initiative for SEE (DPPI SEE)
- Civil-Military Emergency Planning Council (CMEP)
Also, DG FSCP has 3 registered modules (Medium urban search and rescue – MUSAR, Module for search and rescue in contaminated area – SAR in CBRN and Ground forest fires fighting module (GFFF), to the European Commission, for urgent operations outside the territory of the state, the EU and in third countries.
IV. Research activity
The Fire Safety and Civil Protection Testing Centre has been accredited by the Executive Agency Bulgarian Accreditation Service on BDS EN ISO/IEC 17025:2006. It is a permanent member of EGOLF (European Group Of Laboratories For Fire Research, Control And Certification) since March 2004.
Research activity for fire safety and civil protection includes:
- Information services and development of research products in the field of fire safety and civil protection;
- Research of the reasons and conditions for the origin and spreading of fires, emergencies and disasters and performing fire technical experts reports and etc.;
- Issue of expert conclusions;
- Design of methods and means for prevention and extinguishing of fires, emergencies and disasters;
- Verification of construction products for conformity assessment with the legal requirements and technical specifications for fire safety on the constructions;
- Researching, testing and specifying of technical and exploitation parameters of fire and technical armament and extinguishing substances;
Conformity assessment of products, used in firefighting and rescue activity with product specifications and standards.