The emergency situation is an atypical event, with a non-military disposition, which threatens with its ampleness and intensity the life and health of the population, the environment and the material and cultural goods. In order to restore the natural state of things, there is the need of implementing measures and urgent actions, and assigning additional resources and unitary management of forces and implicated means.
The state that can possibly generate emergencies /The potentially generating emergency situation is a compound of risk factors which has an uncontrollable evolution that could affect the lives of the population, the material goods and environmental factors. Types of risks: fires, earthquakes, floods, accidents, explosions, damages, landslides or collapses, epidemics, collapse of buildings, installations or harnessing, beaching or sinking of ships, falling derbies from the atmosphere or from space, tornados, avalanches, the failure of public utilities and other natural disasters, gruesome and critical or public events determined or favoured by the specific risk factors.
The disaster is an event caused by the unleashing of different types of risks, from natural causes or manmade, generator of casualties, loss of materials or change in the environment and that through its ampleness, intensity and consequences amount to or surpass the specified levels of gravity that are established through the regulations concerning emergency situations, elaborated and approved according to the law.
The civil protection state is the situation generated by the imminent generation or generation of disasters, military conflict and/or unusual situations which, through their gravity, put in danger or affect life, the environment, goods and the cultural and public values.
The informing is the activity of transmission of authorized information about the imminence of generation or generation of disasters and/or armed conflicts towards the authorities from the public, central or local administrations, accordingly, for the purpose of avoiding any unanticipated moments and going through with the safety measures.
The warning represents the informing of the population of the necessary information about the imminence of generation or generation of disasters.
Pre-positioning information represents the communication of messages/warning signals to the authorities about the probability of occurrence of a disaster or aerial attack.
The response/alarming represent the transmission of messages/warning signals about the imminence of the generation of a disaster or aerial attack. Taking shelter is one of the specific measures of population protection, material goods protection, cultural and public value protection, whilst in a military turmoil, against the aerial attacks of the enemies.
Civil protection shelters are spaces specially designed for personnel protection in emergency situations, designed, built, executed, and equipped according to technical rules and instructions developed by the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations and approved by the Minister of Administration and Interior. In situations of armed conflict, civil protection shelters represent the totality of all executed or arranged special constructions that are able to reduce the action of weapons for mass destruction and to ensure protection for the housed people against rubble caused by explosions.